A cozy house is hard to imagine without a sofa. This upholstered furniture gives us warmth and a sense of regularity, the sofa occupies one of the main places in every family. Here we are used to relax, play with the kids, talk with relatives and friends, watch TV and read, and, of course, sleep. To choose the model that suits you, you should know what types of sofas exist.

Types of sofas, their designs and transformation mechanisms

You can classify all sofa models:

  • by type of transformation;
  • by design features;
  • by appointment;
  • in size and number of seats.

Types of sofas by type of transformation

Sofa book

This is the most common design of the sofa, it can both sit and sleep, even if the sofa is complicated. To expand it, you should raise the seat, and when you hear a characteristic click of the mechanism - lower it. You can fold the sofa book if you raise the seat until it clicks, and then return it to the lower position. The disadvantages of this design of the sofa include the fact that having assembled the sofa, it must be moved to the wall, as there is free space between its back and the wall. And for folding it needs to be pushed back, otherwise the sofa can not be laid out.

Video: Transformation mechanism “Book” or “Sofa book”

Sofa click gag

This type of sofa is an improved model of a sofa-book. They called it by the sound that occurs when the sofa is unfolding. This model, unlike a sofa-book, has 3 positions: sitting, half-sitting and lying down. At the same time, some designs of click-gag sofas have side parts that can easily be transformed into headrests or armrests. It even does not take up much space when unfolded, so it is ideal for small apartments.

Video: Click Gag transformation mechanism

Sofa "accordion"

This type of sofas is very popular and in demand due to the simplicity of the transformation mechanism and the compactness of the sofa. The sleeper of this model has three parts, one of them is a seat, and the rest are folded as a back. To lay out the sofa with the accordion mechanism, it is necessary to push the seat forward and lay the double back in the same plane with it. For folding such a sofa does not need to move, it is perfect for small areas.

Video: Accordion Transformation Mechanism

Dolphin sofa

This design of the sofa is very simple and consists of two parts. Such a sofa looks great both in large rooms and fits perfectly in small rooms (for example, in the kitchen). To decompose it, push the special block under the seat to the end. And then up and on himself from him to push the second part of the berth.

Video: Transformation mechanism "Clamshell Dolphin"

Sofa eurobook

It has a simple transformation system, even elderly people and children can lay out a sofa. Such furniture will last much longer than other types of folding sofas. The sofa has large drawers for linen and has a wide and completely flat surface of the berth. To expand the eurobook, the seat should be pulled over and the backrest should be lowered onto the vacant space. Such furniture can be placed both against the wall and in the middle of the room.

Video: Eurobook Transformation Mechanism

Roll-out sofa

The transformation mechanism of such sofas has 3 parts. Its distant when folded is located in the back and becomes when folding in place of the head. To expand the roll-out sofa, you should pull the seat towards yourself and, having extended all the parts of the sofa in this way, level the resulting plane with the help of a reclining backrest or extra pillows. This design is also called a sofa with the Telescope mechanism, since it folds out like a spyglass (all parts extend from the inside).

Video: Transformation mechanism "Telescope"

Cougar type sofa

There are various types of folding sofas, but this design compares favorably with the original, simple and convenient folding principle. The front part of the sofa easily rises and smoothly moves forward, after which it becomes a support. The second half of the bed is raised to the vacant space. Due to the special synchronization of the system and high reliability, such furniture is convenient to use daily. Also, sofas equipped with this folding mechanism are quite compact and easily fit into even small areas.

Video: Puma Transformation Mechanism

Pantograph type sofa

This design of the sofa has all the advantages of the "Eurobook", but has its own way of transformation. Rollers are not used in its design, and the seat with the pantograph mechanism does not touch the floor when unfolding. That is why such sofas are also called "walking". The sleeping surface is slightly moved away from the back, which is then lowered to a horizontal position. In operation, such a folding mechanism is simple, convenient and resistant to wear.

Video: Pantograph-type sofa

Sofa bed

A device of this design works on the principle of a rolling scroll. Thin foam rubber (sofa mattress) and a cot are cleaned inside the sofa. To expand it, you need to pull the special loop. There are several types of transformation of sofas of this type:

  • "French" sofa bed. To lay it out, remove the seat cushions and lay out the mattress in three stages;
  • The "American" folding bed in two stages turns into a berth;
  • The “Italian” folding sofa does not require prior removal of pillows.This is the most reliable and expensive version of the sofa bed.

Video: French clamshell transformation mechanism

Sofa with mechanism "Lit"

This compact sofa is easy to transform into a comfortable enough single bed, and its armrests can be laid out at almost any angle. The seat of the sofa is a sleeping place, and its back is not moving. Having laid out one of the armrests, you can get a small berth (for children), and if you spread out the sofa you get a full single bed.

Video: Sofa with mechanism “Lit”

Types of sofas by design features

The shape distinguishes between corner, classic straight and island sofas.

Corner sofas easy to install in the corners of the room, they can be leaned against the wall. They occupy a minimum of usable area and are great for small areas.

Most often island sofas They are rounded in shape, you can’t lean them against the wall and put them in a corner. Such a sofa should occupy a central place in spacious rooms.

Types of sofas for the intended purpose

All types of this upholstered furniture by purpose can be conditionally classified:

  • On office sofas.
  • For the living room.
  • For kitchen.
  • In the hallway.
  • For a children's room.

At the same time, the types of sofas and their mechanism may differ, so you need to decide on a specific model that is suitable specifically for your purposes. Most often, it is the material with which the sofa is trimmed that determines its purpose.

So sofas lined with leather or similar cheaper materials are usually designed for offices or kitchens.

Sofas for children's rooms are usually fitted with bright, but at the same time practical materials from which it is easy to remove stains.

Sofas in size and number of seats

All sofas can be divided into compact models for 2-3 people and large designs for 5 or more seats. However, there is no single standard for the dimensions of this upholstered furniture. One manufacturer produces a 2-seater sofa 1.6 m long, and another company - 1.9 m.

Please note that the model you like does not occupy the entire free area in the room, does not block the approach to the balcony, coffee table, TV. Before buying, be sure to measure the area of ​​the room and compare it with the size of the sofa. Good luck with your purchase!

The video below will help you determine the choice of sofa for certain needs.

Video: How to choose the right sofa


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