From how well we get enough sleep, in many respects, the mood depends on how well we work. And it’s very upsetting, having given the prescribed time to sleep, to feel broken and lethargic in the morning. This happens if the mattress is incorrectly selected. Perhaps it’s worth discussing the question of how to choose a mattress for a bed - so that it is both comfortable and useful for the body.
Before buying a mattress, you need to very accurately measure the inner perimeter of your bed. We take out the old mattress, then take the tape measure from the berth. It may be tempting to measure a pulled out mattress - it's easier. But this is not necessary, since its dimensions change over time due to the inevitable deformation. By the way, when buying a new bed, there is no need to take measurements - all sizes must be indicated in the product passport.
We measure the inner perimeter of the bed.
It happens that the measurements give non-standard results. For example, instead of 80 cm, the width is 79 or 83 cm. It should be remembered that a discrepancy of up to 1 cm is perfectly acceptable (with a bed size of 79 by 201 cm, boldly buy a standard mattress of 80 by 200 cm). But if the difference is 2 cm or more, you will have to purchase the product on order. Otherwise, the mattress either will not fit in the opening of the bed, or will hang in it. In the latter case, the cover quickly wears out, which often has to be changed.
When buying an American mattress for a bed made in Europe (or vice versa), be prepared for the fact that it will be quite difficult. European measures of length are based on centimeters, unlike American ones, in which the starting point is an inch. Take one of the standard American-sized bed mattresses - 60 by 80 inches. If you convert inches to centimeters, we get numbers with fractions; 152.4 cm wide and 203 cm long. The standard two-meter length of a European product is initially shorter, and the width is very different. So, a mattress 160 cm wide will be too large, and the next size in the ruler is 140 cm. This is too small.
You can use one of three options:
#1. It’s easiest to buy a bed and a mattress from one manufacturer. They will definitely fit together perfectly.
#2. If it is not possible to purchase products of the same brand, then it is worth choosing a mattress made in the same country in which the bed is made.
#3. You can make a mattress in size by contacting one of the manufacturers. Domestic factories willingly provide such a service (for a fee, of course).
By the way, many well-known European factories producing expensive and prestigious products treat their customers with great attention. Each model is presented in all sizes (European and American). Moreover, the price of products is usually fixed. After all, this is a premium class, and so very expensive.
There are two main types of mattresses - with a spring block inside and without it at all. In turn, the spring blocks can also have a different design, based on which they are called dependent or independent.
Mattresses on springs
#1.Dependent spring blocks.
Let's start with a description of the dependent spring blocks - this is what they are called because when you press on one of the springs, all the others also come into motion. This option is cheaper, but it has a minus.After some time, such mattresses are very stretched in the middle part - a kind of hammock is obtained. And if two are sleeping on such a bed, then the lighter spouse will inevitably slide into the one who is heavier. So it is better to leave the dependent spring structures for giving or other short-term use.
The device of the mattress with a dependent spring unit: 1 - upholstery of the mattress; 2 - spring block of dependent springs; 3 - felt layer; 4 - polyurethane foam (foam rubber). 5 - the perimeter of polyurethane foam.
Appearance of the Bonnel spring block with dependent springs.
Mattress based on dependent spring unit.
#2.Independent blocks are convenient, but expensive.
Here, each spring, working separately from the others, is enclosed in a case made of a special fabric - spunbond. A similar mattress serves for a long time, and no sagging is observed. That's just the price he has is quite high.
And what spring mattress to choose for the bed, so that it lasts a long time and has a reasonable price? Surely many have such a desire. Well, then look at models with a TFK spring block - they are the most budget ones. There are 250 springs per square meter of surface in such a block. The more expensive design S 1000 has such springs 500, and S 2000 - 2 times more.
In proportion to the price and the number of springs, the orthopedic effect of the mattress also increases. It makes sense to buy such products for a bed on which you sleep constantly.
The device of the mattress with an independent spring unit: 1 - coconut coir; 2 - latex layer; 3 - spring in the case; 4 - mattress cover; 5 - the perimeter of the mattress (most often made of polyurethane foam); 6 - independent spring unit; 7 - coconut coir.
Each spring is sewn into the cover, the result is such ribbons from which independent spring blocks are assembled.
Mattress based on an independent spring unit.
Mattresses without springs
As the name implies, these are mattresses without springs; they have a simpler device.
Springless mattress device: 1 - mattress cover; 2 - a layer of coconut coir; 3 - latex layer.
These products differ in the type of filler that is inside them. As mentioned above, expensive models, stuffed with natural materials, are more valued. This is latex with elasticity, elasticity and antiallergenicity, as well as coconut flakes (coir), which can give the product rigidity.
Springless mattress with natural filling made of latex and coconut coir.
However, those inexpensive types of bed mattresses that are filled with artificial materials are quite popular. This, in particular, polyurethane foam (foam), artificial latex, as well as holofiber. Naturally, they will serve slightly less than products with natural materials inside. But their price is much lower.
Springless mattress made of polyurethane foam (foam rubber) and coconut coir.
If you sleep on too hard a mattress, the body weight may be unevenly distributed. Especially unpleasant sensations in this case arise in the region of the shoulders and hips. After all, the biggest loads fall on these zones. And in the morning, waking up on such a mattress, you feel slightly beaten. However, when deciding which one is better to buy a mattress for a bed, you should not go to the other extreme. Too soft a product will also not give a full sleep - the muscles and ligaments will be too tight.
If a person is thin and light, then a soft mattress will not hurt him - people weighing less than 55 kilograms will perfectly sleep on him. Those who have an average weight - from 55 to 90 kilograms - you can buy a mattress that has medium rigidity. But the "heavyweights" of 90 kilograms or more should look towards more rigid products. In this case, do not be afraid of discomfort during sleep - everything will be in order. It will be comfortable to sit on the bed, as the edges of the mattress will probably not bend.
1. Latex; 2. Coconut coir.In the photo you can see a two-sided mattress, both sides of which have different stiffness. This is achieved by the fact that the last layer on the one hand is a coconut coir, and on the other a layer of latex. Mattresses with different stiffnesses are both springless and with spring blocks (pictured). They can be useful to those who can’t determine exactly what rigidity he needs.
What fillers is better to use a mattress
It is the filler, located above the spring block and under it, that determines the characteristics of rigidity and elasticity of the mattress. The best are the "breathing" natural fillers, which also serve for a long time. However, they have a minus - a rather high price. One thing can be said: those whose weight has exceeded a centner should still choose a natural filling that is extremely resistant to wear.
Stiffness often depends on the thickness and type of filler. One of the natural materials most commonly used in mattresses is coconut coir. It is often used to give the mattress a certain rigidity.
If the thickness of this material is only one centimeter, then we will get the product with medium stiffness. But three centimeters of coconut coir will give a very hard mattress.
Another popular natural filler is latex. Latex, unlike coconut, softens the surface and makes it more flexible and comfortable.
In addition to natural ones, many artificial fillers are also used. One of the most popular is polyurethane foam, commonly called foam rubber. Moreover, premium mattresses and inexpensive budget products are made from it.
However, in any case, foam rubber is the cheapest of fillers. It can have not only different thickness and density, but also workmanship.
Studying what mattresses for beds are, let us dwell on one more filler, considered one of the most elite - this is holofiber. Despite the artificial origin, it is in no way inferior to natural fillers (and sometimes surpasses them). The homogeneous structure of holofiber is created due to the large number of small spirals.
Products from it perfectly retain heat, allow air to pass through, and do not absorb moisture and odors. They do not lose their attractive appearance for a long time, do not deform. There are all the best properties of mattresses, both spring and springless.
When we come to the mattress store, we first pay attention to their appearance. Here the manufacturers are trying to put their products in beautiful covers that are pleasant to the touch. In addition, it is important that the upholstery be strong enough to withstand years of use. The drawings and textures of mattress covers offered today shine with variety. Some can be turned on the wrong side, having a different color.
For sewing covers use strong natural (cotton, linen) or artificial (polypropylene, polyester) fabrics. Special impregnations increase strength and elasticity. There are anti-allergenic impregnations, as well as those that protect against dust. This variety increases the choice of mattress for the bed. The final decision should be made based on your own requests.
Compared to single and one and a half mattresses, double products should be adapted to higher loads. After all, sleeping on them is not one person, but two. So here you need sufficient elasticity, rigidity and resistance to wear.
It is especially difficult when the weight of the spouses who own the bed is different. We give an example. The wife, for example, is small and slender, and she weighs only 48 kilograms. And her husband, strong, tall and pumped up, has a weight of almost two times as much - 90 kilograms. It turns out that when choosing a mattress, someone alone will always be uncomfortable to sleep.For example, buying a soft product can only make a fragile woman’s dream comfortable. Well, a hard or semi-rigid mattress is only suitable for her husband, and she will not be very comfortable.
However, there is an opportunity to correct this situation. Indeed, a wide bed allows you to put two narrower ones instead of one large mattress.
This is most preferred:
- Some isolation will make it possible not to wake your "half", tossing and turning in a dream.
- You can purchase two mattresses of different stiffness, each of which will be optimally suited to the complexion and weight of the one who sleeps on it.
- And let the small gap between the mattresses not bother you - it is easy to eliminate. It is enough to buy a thin wide mattress cover, which is a rug without springs. He will combine the two boxes into one.
However, there are also such families where they don’t want to think about separate mattresses, preferring to sleep side by side, very close to each other. Well - spouses have a right to this. They can buy a model with two sides having different stiffness. Let one of them be moderately hard, and the opposite - quite soft. First you need to experiment by turning the mattress over. Then we can conclude on which side it is better for both spouses to sleep. We think the above tips will help you understand how to choose the right mattress for the bed.